Herdeiros da arte

Herdeiros da arteDescendentes de um grande escritor brasileiro já desaparecido tentaram evitar que uma publicação veiculasse fotografia do pai com um determinado tipo de gravata. Consideravam que o autor só poderia aparecer com o modelo borboleta, seu predileto.
O episódio é apenas um exemplo dos excessos cometidos por famílias na suposta tentativa de proteger a imagem de seus famosos parentes mortos. Há muitos casos análogos, que envolvem, além da imagem e do nome, o direito de relatar fatos biográficos, criticar e reproduzir obras em meios como livros, revistas e catálogos.
Ambições pecuniárias, leis problemáticas e decisões judiciais infelizes conspiram para conferir aos herdeiros um poder desmedido sobre bens que possuem evidente dimensão pública.
O episódio mais recente envolveu a Bienal de São Paulo e a associação O Mundo de Lygia Clark, dirigida pelo filho da pintora. Diante de imposições, os responsáveis preferiram retirar a artista da mostra. “Queriam até controlar quem poderia escrever sobre ela”, afirmou o curador Agnaldo Farias.
A associação argumenta que tem custos e precisa cobri-los. Ainda que fosse assim (e que se precise avançar em políticas públicas de aquisição de acervos na área das artes visuais), o argumento não bastaria para impedir a presença de obras da artista na Bienal, a reedição de um livro e o uso de seu nome numa exposição com depoimentos em vídeo acerca de seu trabalho.
Em breve o Ministério da Cultura levará a consulta pública a revisão da Lei de Direito Autoral. É provável que aspectos relativos às novas tecnologias dominem o debate -mas isso não deveria impedir que se criassem regras para reequilibrar as relações entre direitos de herdeiros e o caráter público do patrimônio cultural.

http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/fsp/opiniao/fz0706201002.htm

 

    Author: Redação

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