Cultura e história africanas chegam às escolas públicas

As escolas públicas vão receber no ano letivo de 2012 livros didáticos sobre a história e a cultura africana e afro-brasileira. Serão distribuídas obras para alunos da educação infantil ao ensino médio. A proposta dessa iniciativa é proporcionar aos alunos a compreensão do desenvolvimento histórico dos povos africanos e de sua relação com outros povos, a partir de uma visão objetiva do continente africano.

 

O material tem como referência os oitos volumes da coleção História Geral da África. Editada em português graças à parceria entre a Organização das Nações Unidas para Educação, Ciência e Cultura (Unesco) e o Ministério da Educação, a obra completa foi enviada às bibliotecas públicas em 2011. As escolas receberão também dois livros síntese da obra completa da História Geral da África, com conteúdos relacionados à história, cultura, economia, política e arte.

 

“Temos ainda no Brasil a cultura do embranquecimento da população e a negação de toda uma cultura afro-descendente que também construiu este país”, ressalta Viviane Fernandes Faria, diretora de políticas para educação no campo e diversidade do MEC.

 

Segundo a diretora, ainda existe uma grande diferença de escolaridade entre as pessoas, com mais de 15 anos, entre a população negra e os não negros. A escolaridade é de 8,4 anos de estudo entre os não negros e 6,6 anos entre os negros. “Só que apesar dessa diferença, o avanço na escolaridade dos negros tem sido mais rápido em relação à dos não negros. Enquanto que de 2004 a 2009 houve crescimento de 9% em anos de estudo entre os não negros, entre os negros foi de 14,5%”, compara.

 

No entanto, Viviane Faria comenta que o Brasil ainda tem uma dívida social com os afro-descendentes. “Se o analfabetismo é maior entre os negros e os maiores índices de pobreza estão entre os não brancos, vamos ver claramente que a pobreza e as dificuldades salariais e de acesso à universidade têm cor no Brasil. E essa cor é negra. Então precisamos, sim, enfrentar esse racismo na escola e na sociedade”, afirma.

 

    Author: Redação

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