Presépio de Natal

presepioO presépio é uma pequena construção, feita de madeira, barro, louça ou outros materiais, para representar o momento do nascimento de Jesus, num estábulo localizado na cidade de Belém.

 

Normalmente é constituído de imagens como a de Maria, José, o Menino Jesus em uma manjedoura, os animais que estavam no estábulo, como a vaca e o carneiro, e o jegue que transportou o casal até o local.

 

Segundo a bíblia sagrada, José e Maria fugiram da Galileia em virtude de um recenseamento, onde o rei Herodes, com medo de perder seu trono para o rei dos judeus, mandou matar todas as crianças da raça.

 

Os dois viajaram por longos dias procurando uma hospedaria para ficar, mas não encontrando um local, pediram abrigo em uma casa, porém o dono ofereceu o estábulo para passarem a noite. Foi então que Maria deu à luz.

 

Um anjo, de nome Gabriel, anunciou o nascimento do messias e uma estrela cadente indicou, num brilho intenso, o local onde ele se encontrava.

 

Dessa forma, os três reis magos seguiram o brilho da estrela e presentearam Jesus com incenso, ouro e mirra.

 

A origem dos presépios se deu em 1223, através de uma pregação feita por São Francisco de Assis, onde o mesmo criou uma forma teatral para mostrar às pessoas como teria acontecido o nascimento de Jesus. Com autorização do papa da época, construiu um cenário vivo, impressionando a todos que viam a cena.

 

Com isso, as famílias que assistiram ao espetáculo adotaram o costume de montar um presépio dentro de suas casas, sendo que o costume foi rapidamente difundido por toda a Europa, normalmente pelas famílias mais nobres em razão dos altos custos.

Porém, a partir do século XV, os presépios passaram a ser fabricados em materiais mais baratos, a fim de proporcionar essa importante parte da história de Jesus a todos os cristãos.

 

Hoje em dia podemos encontrar presépios de vários materiais, sendo que suas peças são comercializadas separadamente, para que cada pessoa monte de acordo com a sua interpretação.

    Author: Redação

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