Dia Nacional da Poesia

Castro Alves - Dia Nacional da Poesia

Castro Alves - Dia Nacional da Poesia

A palavra “poesia” tem origem grega e significa “criação“. É definida como a arte de escrever em versos, com o poder de modificar a realidade, segundo a percepção do artista.

Antigamente, os poemas eram cantados, acompanhados pela lira, um instrumento musical muito comum na Grécia antiga. Por isso, diz-se que a poesia pertence ao gênero lírico. Hoje, os poemas podem ser divididos em quatro gêneros: épico, didático, dramático e lírico.

As linhas de um poema são os versos. O conjunto desses versos chama-se “estrofe”. Os versos podem rimar entre si e obedecer à determinada métrica, que é a contagem das sílabas poéticas de um verso. Os versos mais tradicionais são as redondilhas; a redondilha menor tem cinco sílabas, e a maior com sete; os versos decassílabos, dez; os alexandrinos, doze.

A rima é um recurso que confere musicalidade aos versos, baseando-se na semelhança sonora das palavras do final ou, às vezes, do interior dos versos. Rima, ritmo e métrica são características especiais de um poema e que podem variar, dependendo do movimento literário da época.

No Brasil, os primeiros poemas surgiram junto com o seu descobrimento, pois os jesuítas usavam versos para catequizar os índios.

Depois, surgiram outras formas de poesia, como o barroco (1601-1768), o arcadismo (1768-1836), o romantismo (1836-1870), o parnasianismo (1880-1893), o simbolismo (1893-1902), o pré- modernismo (1902-1922), o Modernismo (1922-1962), até a forma de hoje.

O Dia Nacional da Poesia é comemorado em homenagem ao nascimento de Castro Alves, em 14 de março de 1847. Poeta do romantismo, ele foi um dos maiores nomes da poesia brasileira. Suas obras que mais se destacaram foram: Os escravos (no qual há o seu famoso poema Navio Negreiro) e Espumas flutuantes, cujas características principais são a valorização do amor e a luta por liberdade e justiça. Há outros nomes importantes da poesia brasileira: Alberto de Oliveira, Gonçalves Dias, Raimundo Correia, Olavo Bilac, Casimiro de Abreu, Cecília Meireles, Jorge de Lima, Ferreira Gullar, Manuel Bandeira, Mário de Andrade, Mário Quintana, Carlos Drummond de Andrade e muitos outros.

    Author: Redação

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