Artesanato

O artesanato, técnica de trabalho manual artístico não industrializado, é utilizado pelo homem desde o início da sua história. Os primeiros artesãos começaram a fabricar seus bens no período neolítico (6.000 a.C). Nessa época, o homem produzia os objetos a partir de pedras e fibras de animais e vegetais. Aos poucos foi evoluindo, e muitos começaram a tirar sustento dessa prática. O artesanato, apesar de ser comercializado, não é considerado uma mercadoria, pois carrega valores, crenças e culturas.

Em cada parte do mundo, existem diferentes modos e formas de se produzir o artesanato. No Brasil, cada região possui um artesanato típico. Nas regiões Sul e Sudeste, sobretudos nos Estados de Santa Catarina e Minas Gerais, produtos feitos com folha de bananeira, assim como panelas, potes, moringas e jarras em cerâmicas são destaque. Minas Gerais também se destaca pelos tapetes e colchas feitos em tear manual, peças produzidas em estanho e pedras decorativas talhadas dos mais diversos tipos de minério.

Na região Centro-Oeste, o foco também está no bordado e nas atividades relacionadas à madeira, barro, tapeçaria e trabalhos com frutas e sementes. Animais de porcelana e moringas de barro são muito comuns em Goiás e no Mato Grosso.

Além do artesanato relacionado ao barro e à madeira, o Nordeste se destaca pela famosa renda de bilro, no Ceará. Todas as técnicas de produção em fibras de algodão são herança da colonização portuguesa e são conservadas até hoje. Cabe mencionar a participação relevante dos trançados de palha, cestarias feitas com trançados de carnaúba, bambu e cipó.

Assim como nas outras regiões, o bordado também é muito popular na região Norte. Mas a influência indígena faz da cerâmica uma das produções mais presentes na região. Existem duas vertentes de inspiração para os artesãos: a marajoara e a tapajônica, que são estilos genuinamente indígenas, com técnicas e formas milenares. Jóias feitas de sementes e metais preciosos também são típicas do Amazonas. As atividades relacionadas à madeira e metal também são comuns.

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    Author: Redação

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