Linguagem Teatral

Linguagem TeatralCom o objetivo de facilitar melhor a compreensão sobre a linguagem teatral, é importante recordarmos sobre as três modalidades pertencentes aos gêneros da literatura. Entre eles, destacam-se:

Gênero Lírico – Representa o estado de alma, a subjetividade representada pela voz do poeta.

Gênero Épico – Retrata os grandes feitos heróicos que fizeram parte da história de um povo. Geralmente mescla-se com figuras sobrenaturais, como é o caso das musas e deuses da Mitologia Grega, sendo que estes agem contra ou a favor de um determinado acontecimento ao longo da narrativa.

Gênero Dramático – Refere-se à linguagem encenada, representada pela linguagem teatral, contando com a participação de elementos extraverbais, como cenário, figurino, iluminação e sonoplastia.

Especificamente, a linguagem teatral, como já detectamos, pertence ao gênero dramático, e tem a Dramaturgia como elemento primordial. A palavra Drama origina-se do grego, que significa “ação”.

O texto teatral teve seu papel de destaque na Grécia antiga, por volta do século V a.C., as peças apresentadas baseavam-se nas Tragédias, uma vez que as mesmas tinham o objetivo de levar aos espectadores à catarse, isto é, à purificação da alma por meio da libertação das emoções. Os conflitos envolviam problemas de poder e honra e eram vividos por personagem representados pela classe social privilegiada.

Com as tragédias surgiram outras modalidades do gênero dramático, as quais se definem como:

Comédia Representação de situações do cotidiano, com personagens representadas pelas classes populares. A intenção era provocar riso através da crítica aos costumes.

Auto – Peça curta apresentada em festas religiosas, tendo como personagens, verdadeiros representantes de entidades abstratas, tais como a bondade, o pecado, a hipocrisia e a virtude.

Farsa – Peça curta que satiriza os costumes, dando ênfase ao grotesco.

Entre os principais dramaturgos e peças teatrais da Grécia Antiga, destacam-se:

# Ésquilo (Prometeu Acorrentado)
# Sófocles (Édipo Rei, Electra)
#Eurípedes (Medeia, As bacantes)
#Aristófanes (A paz, Assembleia de Mulheres)
# Antífanes (Menandro)
Ao longo da história, a linguagem teatral não só sofreu influências de outras linguagens como cinema, televisão e informática, como também passou por questionamentos sobre o seu  real objetivo: a função catártica, que resultaram em denúncias sociais e reflexões filosóficas.

    Author: Redação

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